Vineyard Irrigation Design

Vineyard Irrigation Design


VINEYARD IRRIGATION SYSTEMS AND DESIGN

Drip Irrigation is considered to be one of the most effective and effecient watering techniques for Vineyards.  Drip Irrigation precisely targets the root area to provide consisent and sustained results for your Vineyard.  It is also the preferred method for its ease of installation for DIY Vineyards.

We will now explore the basics of Vineyard Irrigation Design with detailed sample illustrations and components needed to get your Vineyard Drip System up and Running.

Types of Irrigation for Vineyards

Although it's generally agreed that Drip Irrigation is the preferred watering method for Vineyards there are variations that offer similar results while having differences in installation, cost and maintanence.   As with most Drip Irrigation installations all methods will provide great results for your Vineyard.

Drip Lines are run down the length of each vine row and are either elevated (on the wire) or laid flat on the ground (on surface).  Elevation is usually accomplished using a ratchet clip (DD-RC700) attached to one of the Trellis Lines which run the length of the grape line.  Elevation provides several benefits to the system, namely the ability to maintain the planting are below without worrying about damaging the drip line.  Elevation also eliminates the possibility of soil clogging the emitter.  That being said on surface drip systems are also popular and will provide similar results.  

Drip Emitters vs. Emitter Tubing (Drip Line): This is the decision most Vineyards will face when initially planning an Irrigaiton System.  While both are equally effective and very close in installation cost, there are advantages and disadvantages of both application methods.  Please note, regardless of the application method you must use pressure compensated emitters or pressure compensated emitter tubing for uniform watering results.

Drip Emitters: Drip Emitters are simple to use and reliable.  They are either self-piercing or used in conjunctin with a hole punch and are pierced through solid drip tubing to assemble custom drip line.  

Advantages:

  • Available from .5 gph to 2 gph
  • Easy to Install and replace
  • Can be installed directly above plant roots after planting

Disadvantages:

  • Time to install for larger systems
  • Rolling up Lines can be more challenging (if necessary).

Drip Emitter Tubing: Drip Emitter tubing is manufactured with emitters installed at defined intervals. Emitter tubing is offered with a variety of options pertaining to water quality and filteration.

Advantages:

  • Available from .26 gph to 1 gph
  • Emitters pre-installed eliminating individual installation of emitters

Disadvantages:

  • Emitters at pre-defined distances (plants must be spaced to emitter distance)
  • If emitters become plugged they cannot be replaced

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